‘Uncle Fred Collis’ diary extracts: 1909

January 1 I returned home after delivering the mail at Settlement. Then went down to Mr Smiths called into Mr G Hammond very warm

January 2 ‘The Sabbath’ – done nothing

January 3 I returned home from Mr Smiths calling at H Walkers and G Hammonds. Tuck and his wife here when we arrived.

January 5 It blew a gale I and Tuck helped J woods roll some logs off Tuck and his wife spent a few hours at J Woods I took a bundle of hay up to the Settlement and one sheep skin.

January 6 Tuck and wife left for home The Linda came I went up done nothing all Huitfelds family at Settlement a warm day

January 10 Fishing most of the day got one J Woods got a hook in his thumb Mrs Woods and children came down in the afternoon A Shields called.

January 16 The Sabbath done nothing the Dawn came in with mail

January 25 I was putting posts on the line. The Dawn came up for the wool.

January 26 Went over to Rabbit Isld in the Coogee We got a good bit of Guano I saw 18 sheep on Rabbit the Linda passed going North.

February 4 Attended a meeting got two yds of elastic one pair of slippers and a box of headache wafers

February 7 I Jack and J Woods went across to the Rabbit I sheared one sheep and took two over we had a beautiful day T Smith called

March 4 I attended a meeting of Councillors at Whitemark I got from H Walker two large tins of Jam one pound of biscuits four plugs of Tobacco and one bag of Rolled Oats.

March 9 I have been working on the line putting wire on C ………. and Arthur Vireaux came up in the cart

March 23 I was putting wires on my fence done a good days work The Dawn arrived with mail got a box from …….

March 30 I Henry and Jack went over to Little Island got some birds Harry Armstrong called then went on to the Settlement I took Arties tender and gave it to Henry

March 31 I went and made a gate across the road Henry and J Woods went to Whitemark each had a cart

April 15 Saw The Linda coming up Just heard poor old Mrs Robinson was dead. Nell went to the Settlement and got a postal note for eighteen pence she did not pay for it.

April 24 ‘Sabbath’ Done nothing Henry took Mr Huitfeld down in the cart to Whitemark him and his wife and Dora went to Mr F Smith yesterday and returned today. The Purdon left for Town.

April 26 I got my sheep in I went to my snares one small wallaby. Went up  to J Woods and got a case of tomatoes and got the loan of the preserving pan.

April 27 A very rough day Caught two kangaroos. Nell was making Tomato sauce. I did not get out to work.

April 28 I took Mrs Woods preserving pan home fixed up a …….. got some wood went to the snares we had a good rain in the afternoon I took a letter up for Harry Dillon walked down to Settlement.

April 29 I went to my snares got nothing then went up on the rented ground and got the sheep in working all afternoon putting chimney pots up

May 2 I sowed Melotte clearing about home J Woods called coming from Whitemark. Heard sad news The Dawn being wrecked I felt sorry for Alf Holt.

May 3 The Linda came up I went to the Settlement got my mail and a side of Bacon, sowing Melotte in the afternoon

May 4 Mr Gardner and Mr Smith came up The HJH came in I delivered the mail all round and staid at She Oak Point. Mr Gardner came up

May 5 The HJH left early I got home too late to catch the boat I left old Doll at T Boyes Harry Armstrong came and brought skins ……

May 6 very fine glass falling, I have been working about home. I bagged up some skins. Henry called on his way home and took the mail from the North East ……to some gentlemen over North looking for ground. Mr Huitfeld came out in the HJH I sent three letters one ref to Green one to the Savings Bank and one to Mrs Willett.

May 20 Attended a meeting at Whitemark got four pounds of dripping and on pound of Lolies J Woods came down and got some fish.

June 16 I Nell and Bubs went to the Settlement and got a roll of wire.

June 27 Delivered the mail all round heard a man had been drowned at Killiecrankie Charlie Washbourne had a close shave of loosing his life.

June 28 Dolls home I brought Old Doll saw Charlie Washbourne at the mines called at F Boyes W Allison came down brought Henry some meat saw a craft supposed to be the HJH.

June 30 South East dirty Got the sheep in and cleaned them Manny and two gentleman came up and had lunch I went to the Settlement and paid Henry 9 shillings for H Armstrong

July 1 I went out on the Marshall with Manny and two Gentleman to look at some ground

July 14 I milked the cow for the first time 

July 15  I had a good bit of trouble with the cow

July 26 Went to the Settlement posted a letter to W Petter and one to Mrs J Willett

July 31 The Sabbath done nothing Mr Smith called going home Dick Brown brought the new horse home it being landed at Whitemark 

July 2 Sam Barratt called on his way home Mr Pratt called on his way North Claud with him

August 4 F Boyes called Mr Pratt and Claud called their way to Whitemark I made a Yanker gate a very rough day

August 9 Working about home The Linda arrived and I went and got the mail G Dargaville and Mrs Mills

August 14 The Sabbath Stuart Mathews came up  

August 15 I and Stuart Mathews put the horse in the sledge Mathews left for J Maynard

August 26 Took the mail and then staid at h Armstrongs the horse would not cross the river  the Purdon on shore

August 27 Left H Armstrong before daylight and walked to She Oak Point delivered mail and came to Killicrankie picked up my horse got home early calling at the mines and the Settlement Stuart Mathews came up 

August 28 The Sabbath done nothing S Mathews here 

August 29  Stuart Mathews left going North went to the Jetty and got a load of goods

September 1 I Nell and the baby went up to …….S Mathews came back from West End I took my contract up to the Settlement 

September 5 Working about home Walter and Tasman Holt J Woods Mr Welsh and family

September 6 Went to Rabbit Island sheared 16 sheep 

September 7  got the sheep in marked 30 lambs 33 had the horse in and done some ploughing  Walter gave Nell seven pounds we took we took a bag of skins and two sheep skins and one small cow hide to the shed the cow hide belongs to Mr A Vireaux

September  8 I had a day about home Walter and Tasman left for home they took sowdie with them

September The Sabbath done nothing The Adelaide called Edgar Maynard came up and got some bread Pabby came up and staid all night Charlie Washbourne passed going to Whitemark

September 12 I delivered the mail all round Pabby went over with me paid Mr Blyth one pound three for Mr Dargavalle Left Maynards mail in the box

September 13 I and Pabby got home early Pabby left for home 

October 4 Koonawarra came in brought mail and a number of passengers Harry Armstrong came down late

October 5 I felt unwell did not do much Harry Armstrong left early for the Settlement 

October 6 Andrew Maynard called in on his way North

October 8 going all day Doll had her foal 

This is the end of diary notes – there are orders and notes about bank books.

Points of family interest

Tuck and Lizzy were married 30/11/1908

Doll and Rowdie were the Collis horses

The ketch Dawn was a part of the Collis history – built by Fred’s brother in law James Willett (married to Fred’s sister Fanny) . James traded out of Emita before he and family moved to Launceston. The Dawn was sold to Mr Cutts. Coincidentally when the Dawn was wrecked, Captain Alf Holt, the nephew of Fred’s brother in law…….. James Robinson (Holt) married to Fred’s sister Emily.

‘Uncle Fred Collis’ diary extracts: 1924 and 1925

Extracts from Uncle Fred’s diaries 1924 and 25, these are not complete but still of interest to those families as they recognise their connections. In 1924 Fred was 65, wife Ellen 40 son Alfred 13 Hannah 18. Saturday is no longer noted as ‘Day of Sabbath’

18 June Wednesday 1924 I and Son went to the snares and got nothing I was repairing the Cart finished the job

19 June We went to the snares got nothing I and son went over to Holloways looking for track Nell and Hannah went to Mrs Burtts and Barrys

20 June The Colliboi came to Whitemark we went to the snares got nothing carted a load of wood for Mr Allison Hannah went to Hammonds to go to a concert

21 June I was working at the Station in the morning Son went to Coopers to get meat went to the snares got one poss

22 June John Jackson and Frank came in we put the boat in the water Looking very dirty

23 June A very rough day too rough for outdoor work Charles Cooper called and asked me to go and repair the fence blowing a hard gale went to the boat three times

24 June Repaired a fence on the Settlement for C Cooper the horse broke down and broke the …… tree still very rough

25 June Still blowing very hard got a load of wood and carted it in cold and miserable Nell and Hannah went to Barrys

29 June Frank wife and family Keith and Stanley to get the boat ready for going to Prime Seal we took both boats to the Settlement Frank started and turned back Mr F Cooper called a busy day for passer bus

2 July put a half day in at the drain on Pickford Hill cut a load of wood felt tired

July Weather moderate I put the morning in at the Wireless we all attended a send off for Mr Dean enjoyable evening

July We got up late ….Branton came up….Adams Emma and George came also Hannah Emma left after dinner for Blue Rocks the others left later

July Son went to his snares I went to mine The Colliboi came to Emita I son and Nell went round and carted a load of goods for Mr Dean poor old Landon left to go into Hospital 

10 July working on the road all day

11 July too rough for outside work met John Jackson came with him gave him a chain and he took two horses to the Point

13  July Sunday Horace Holt came up Hannah went to the Blue Rocks A motor car passed Two men passed on horse back

20 July I and Nell went to  ….. Robinsons Hannah went to A Mortens Son went to L Hammonds

23 July Milked the cow the calf getting very quiet we all went to Whitemark I came home with Mr Jackson got home in good time

24 July Helped with the cow – then went to the snares for nothing Cut and carted a load of wood for Mr Allison. Keith Blyth  – H Bryant and Landon came in the evening lost no time today

3 August A cold day we had a good fire and stayed by it.  C Cooper passed with cattle.

August Hannah went to Barrys in coming home the horse Jill with her gave her a good fall

August Started down to Oswald Robinsons met him on the road went down again after dinner he fixed up the horses shoes for me we brought a load of wood and rails and bought a few short pieces of wood for the fire

September I and Nell went to Martens got the horse shod called at Whitemark went to both stores paid my rates got boy a coat Hear Mr Stephens was to be buried today a mild day

15 October A very dirty squally day Hannah milked the red heifer for the first time.

16 October I did not go outside felt to ill too rough

19 October We started to Blue Rocks met JT Robinson and wife we turned back and went to the Settlement jetty fishing only got one fish

21 October A dirty miserable day saw the Colliboi going down to Cape Barren she came up about three….. to mile island then turned around and went to Whitemark wind turned to South East

26 October Hannah and son went to Church at Blue Rocks I and Nell staid at Hammonds Tip came up in the morning

27 October Tip came up we started the sheep done a fair days work we started late

29 October Tip finished up the sheep we got a load of wood then I started to shear the lambs 

30 October  We took the cream can got a load of wood got the sheep in and finished shearing the Lambs Thirty Five all told

1 November Went to the wireless in the morning clearing prickly box do not feel too good

November  Nell and Hannah went to Mortens Robinsons and Hammonds Mrs Harley very ill

November  I and son took the cream to the ……. got a small load of wood and a pole I and Mrs Allison went down to see Mrs Harley saw Ralph called at Oswald Robinson then got home in good time

November  Put half a day in at the wireless then went on to Mr Coopers there was no cricket match I went over and got some meat

10 November Son and I took the cream can out for Mr Allison a load of wood got the sheep in picked out some wethers and left them in the paddock got my foot hurt can’t walk on it

11 November  my foot too sore to walk about had to lay up and rest 

12 November  my foot still bad to walk about The White Heifer very quiet the calf very noisy 

14 November  My foot still not too good for work we all went down in the Lorrie a rough dirty night

15 November  Put the morning in at the wireless saw a signal at Prime Seal the Colloboi went over 

19 November  I done very little the separator went bung on us throwed us all out 

20 November  Started out to Milligans got to Oswald Robinson heard the steamer was coming up we turned back and went round to the boat H Bryant came up and examined the separator and condemned it I wrote to Davidson and French for another and sent a cheque for five pound five

23 November Done nothing Hannah went to Church and then onto Baleys F Jackson brought his boat round May drives the horses down they had a cup of tea

24 November  Clearing the grass round home Nell took Hannah to the Doctor he ordered her to the hospital more trouble ahead I heard the steamer only left today for town I cut a load of wood

29 November  watching out for the Steamer got the sheep in ……..Landon came and took them to Emita also Nell and Hannah to the steamer to go to town I got home late

3 December Paid E Robinson 10 pounds for ……..

December I did not feel inclined for work up all night at Mrs Burtts social … send off  we milked the cows and done very little else walked to the station and got a telegram from Nell took the cream can out

December  Milked and separated then to the wireless Son and I went out to Mr Coopers …a picnic got some meat came home and milked Son done a good clean up

December Milked and separated Son went round to Mrs Burtts and called at Barry’s Mr Pike called and got the net and went onto Settlement fishing

December making a bale at the cow….pannell looking about for the axe clearing around the house for fire purposes Son went and looked at the boat

19 December Went to Emita waited for the Steamer  went to the picnic and carted Mrs Burtts things to the shed bid her farewell blowed hard

22 December Nell went to Emita to the store

21 December Son took the horse round to Les Bailey he put some old shoes on him and went down to Hammonds and Mortens got home in good time

23 December I and son went to Whitemark took son to the Doctor he pulled a tooth out went to J Blundstone paid him for goods also paid the Doctor fifteen shillings went and had dinner with Bert Miles paid J Blundstone a pound too much called at Mrs Robinsons and told him about it

Thursday XMAS DAY 25 a most beautiful day burning off some grass

26 December After milking we all went to Whitemark a rough miserable day The Sports went off alright got home in good time

29 December Oswald Robinson and G Withers passed a more mild day burning in the paddock went to Emita for Nells over coat called at Barrys M Barry and a young woman passed.

31 December repairng fences clearing off fire clearing round the pannel at boat harbour Mr G Hay came up to the beach Son took the cream can out to Pickford

1 January Thursday 1925 We attended the sports at little plane There was a great gathering the sports went off very well

6 January The Steamer arrived at Emita Hannah came home clearing round the fence going all day at something

8 January Repairing a fence on the lower block a very warm day Mr Balwin called Son went to the store he met Mr Brown in a car a large fire out at the back

January I put the morning in at the wireless cleaning up I and Son went over to Mr Stackhouse and got two bags of potatoes one Mr Allison and for ourselves paid for them called Mr Coopers got some meat a large fire on the Marshal Mr Mulligan went to the block

11 January Done nothing Nell Hannah and Son went to Church James Blyth came in

12 January Cleaning around the fence for a fire break

15 Frank Jackson wife and family C Bomford and Annie came in and repaired the boat for going to Prime Seal

17 January 1.9 2.5…..I put the morning in at the wireless We all went over to Mr Coopers  to a cricket match got back in good time and done the milking

17 January We all went down to G Hammonds Hannah and Son went to a Picnic a wharm day F Jackson came and took his boat away

20 January The Colliboi arrived we all went to Emita we got a bag of flour also heard very bad news H Bryant got burnt out a very sad loss for …… Keith Blyth came and took Allison out to look after the Telephone I was clearing in the afternoon Ralph Morten called he had a good fire

22 January Burning on the East hill we had a good fire Nell paid the insurance for the house

24 January Steamer left Emita for Town

25 January We saw the Steamer leaving Goose Island for Town Ralph Morten came in and burnt round Allisons too calm

26 January Mr Winfield came in and brought the Mare I paid him two pounds five he gave me five pound five for two young steers It has been a day of fires fires all round beating out fires at the piggery I hope please God it is stopped

27 January A day of fires all round it broke away and went over to the wireless and done some damage Dick Holt Mr Winfield Charley Cooper we had a burn we had a few showers in the night

28 January A strong gale from the west the atmosphere more clear don’t see any fires about Dick went out to Garretts

29 January Dick Holt left for home working about the paddocks trying to make a fire break

30 January Nell and Hannah went out to Jacksons

31 January Nell and family went to Coopers picnic

7 February Hannah went to Whitemark to a Cricket Match I Nell and Son went to Emita The Colloboi came and loaded stock and sheep and had a full compliment of passengers

February  We all started away in the cart I intended to have the horse shod Billy Morten could not do him so we went to Whitemark and got some things we wanted called at Hammonds looked like a Thunder storm so we made for home

14 February Worked on the wireless in the morning then we all went over to Cooper for a Cricket Match Emita won by a small margin

15 February I and Nell staid home Hannah & Son went to the Settlement for a picnic. There was a large number came up and had a picnic on our frontage Ritchie called early then went on down to the beach

20 February I and Son went down to Mortens and got the horse shod  called at Blundstones and got somethings and paid for called at the Mortens  and got some turnips one of the roughest nights I have heard for years 

22 February I and Nell went up to Mrs Winfields Hannah and Son went to Blue Rocks Hannah had the misfortune to get thrown from her horse

27 February I and Son set fire of Allisons it ran up the hill going all afternoon beating fires out. Hannah went to a Social

28 February I was working at the wireless in the morning We all went over to Coopers for a Cricket Match Emita won from Whitemark

1 March I took a walk up the hill where the fire had been We all started for Church the Ministers did not come up we went as far as Mr Coopers gate it came onto rain so we come home

March After milking and separating we all went to Whitemark to see a cricket match Emita and Ranger. Ranger won by one run got home in good time

March Nell and Hannah went to Church Horace and Jef Walker came up Mr Cooper passed late

12 March It rained all the morning Son went to Garretts I and Nell went to Badger Corner Called at Whitemark met Horace met Bert met Em close to the house took her back

13 March We left J Holts called at Bryants met Horace met McNab Called at Whitemark paid Dolly one shilling for her Mother on boots called at Hammonds got some tomatoes got home about three Morgan Bryant called

22 March I and Nell went to Church Mrs Neal came with us we went and spent the afternoon with Old John Jackson

25 March Cutting poasts for a fence and clearing the line at Daintys we had a good fire in the ferns

26 March Repairing the fence at the pigery sideline the fence got burned out in the creek  working at the Boundary fence at Daintys

27 March We finished the job about five we made a rough job of it Nell and Hannah went round to Mrs Huitfelds called at the store

29 March Hannah and Son went down to Hammonds  George came up Miss Harley very ill Ritchie ……came up and spent the best part of the day

30 March Son took the cream can out to Pickford we went over to the little island and got some birds I had a good fire on the frontage

31 March Nell and Hannah went down to Robinsons and …… Miss Harley not expected to live poor old Helen

5 April We done no work I Nell and son went down to see Aunty poor old soul very ill called at Mortens and got a bag of potatoes

April Ralph Morten passed left us four birds

April I and Nell went over to She Oak Point and got there about three

April I staid over at Mrs Blyths and went and paid Mrs Eden and G Boyes a visit

April I went to G Boyes got some Tomatoes Nell went with me I went back to Mrs Blyths left Nell there and came home got home in good time and met several people on the road

10 April GOOD FRIDAY  Hannah and Son went to Hammonds I burnt up a Dogwood broke the handle on my axe 

11 April EASTER SATURDAY  I put the morning in at the wireless got a load of wood for Mr Allison Mrs Blyth Keith and Nell came about four Mrs Blyth and Keith left for Jacksons Mr Shaw and wife passed both ways

12 April EASTER SUNDAY All hands went to Church I staid home The Websters Jeffersons and Mortens had a picnic

16 April We all went to Whitemark to see boys Cricket match we had a very enjoyable day

21 April Blowing from the North West raining all the afternoon I took the mail to the station called over and saw Landon his leg seemed better

26 April A rather rough day we all went to blue rocks we went by G Hammonds we saw poor old Aunty Hannah and son went to Church the Nurse went with them called at Ralphs and got his wedges Mr Cooper left his pony in the block

27 April The Bull gored Mr Coopers pony son went out to Barrys and rung Mr Cooper Charlie came up and we all done what we could we sawed the horns of the Bull I was very much worried about the horses J Garrett came down

28 April I got a load of wood for Allison I and son went to the ……… and got some lucerne for his little mare she is very bad tonight we done our best for the little mare Mr Cooper came up I ……….. his mare

29 April  A beautiful day the mare was very bad last night Son went out Barrys and got a bottle of  ….. and other things. The Nurse and Dora Hammond Mr Fred Cooper Charlie and Mrs Cooper and daughter called about the mare H Bryant and Mr Riddle…….

30 April I did not feel too well Rhumatics  The little mare was very bad thought she was going to die J Garrett brought his Graphaphone round Jackson brought his boat

1 May I went out for the cream can Took a ram to Woods and carted a load of goods from the Jetty Mrs Cooper Charlie and Charlie Winfield The little mare seems a little better Mr Jackson Frank and Charlie Bomford here yesterday

2 May Formented the mare twice Mr F Cooper and Charlie came up and looked at the Mare we went out to Coopers to see the boys cricket match Emita won Nell stopped home 

3 May Horse doctoring most of the day The Doctors Jefferson Biggs F Cooper boy and daughters and Charles Garrett came in the evening

4 May Mr Cooper and Charlie came and took cattle home they took the little Mare away 

8 May We all went down to Whitemark to hear a lecture and see pictures on the War by Mr Balwin

11 May I took the cream can out to the Pickford a very dirty looking day I could not get out in the morning Hannah went out to Barrys she rang up to see how Charlies pony was getting on glass falling rain I hope

12 May Hannah went to her music lessons

13 May Son took Ralphs wedges home and called at Hammonds hear that Miss Harley is a little better

15 May I went to the Station and got a Postal note and sent to Nellie Willett putting in poasts son went to Coopers Hannah went to Barrys Dolly was away at Whitemark The Colloboi left Whitemark for Launceston

22 May Son went out to Coopers and got some meat he went down to Hammonds and left some meat for Miss Harley Hanah went to music lessons

24 May Hannah and her mother went to Church Mr Reg Cooper and family passed Henry Bryant and Bob McNab and the two Miss Riddels passed …..Huitfeldts

29 May Filling in a hole at the gate We all went to Whitemark to a Bazaar we got home in good time we all had a good outing

30 May Heard that Miss Harley passed away

31 May Left home shortly after ten to attend Miss Harleys funeral got home at half past three a miserable day we did not get wet

2 June Made a gate and repaired the sheep yard The two Mackenzies and Charlie Cooper they came up and fixed up the Bull Boy went and paled F Jacksons boat out

3 June I and Nell went round and voted George Blyth called and staid all night 

4 June George Blyth left for home Mr and Mrs Brodie came up and staid all night they came and saw Mr Allison on business

5 June Mr and Mrs Brodie left for home

7 June Daphne Calved a dirty day

9 June Son got Daphne and calf in

12 June Went to the Station and sent a wire to Mrs Willett 

15 June Daisy calved we took the calf away and milked her

24 June Nell and Hannah went to Whitemark Walkers and Blundstones they got home late 

29 June Mr Cooper and McKenzie brought sheep up they called in

30 June Allison Charlie and Mckenzie called

1 July We all left home for different places Nell for Mrs Arthur Vireaux I for Mortens Hannah for Badger Corner Son for Hammonds I got my horse shoes removed Hannah got her pony shod called at the store Mr G Dargavelles very cold

5 July Charlie Jones Tambo and Morgan Bryant called Charlie took the sails of the boat

7 July Hannah came home from Badger Corner

14 July We all went and visited Mr and Mrs Jackson

26 July Nell Hannah went to Church they heard Mr Lyall was ill Mckenzie passed with cattle

31 July Nell Hannah and Son went to a concert at Whitemark

9 August Emma Hammond Ab Hurst Thos Williams called also Mr Dart 

15 August (Saturday) Worked at the Station Put an axe on the handle got a load of wood I am getting a cold

16  August Mr Fred Cooper and Charlie passed Done nothing Hannah and Son got Polly in with her calf Pansy calved on Wednesday night

17  August Digging in the garden I took the mail up to the Station a very heavy Thunderstorm for the time of year Hannah milked the cows for the first time

18  August Hannah brought Dolly calf up

23 August Worked all day for Mr King done a good day I gave him my account 

28 August I rode down to Mr Mortens got two new shoes on the front feet I got my cart Mr Morten made a good shiny job of it I paid him three pounds and fifteen shillings called at Blundtones store and got a few things and paid for them

2 September Put in some plants went to the wireless got the mail Nell and Hannah and Son went round to the Colloboi and got my Lucerne seeds Charlie Cooper called done the wheel of the cart

6 September We done nothing a cold miserable day Ritchie Bantic called in he had Mr Websters little boy with him Mr Webster and Jefferson passed in a Jinker  

7 September I Nell and Son went to Whitemark Mr King paid me for work done up to date  I paid my own rates also Mr Allison and Daintys I paid up all I owe to Blundstone I don’t owe anything at the White Mark now

9 September Ralph and Oswald passed with a load of Hay Truemans lorrie passed done a fair days work

11 September I finished plowing and harrowed part of it Jas and Em came up a nice mild day

12 September  (Sat) Put the morning in at the wireless J Holt and son came up to the wireless blowing a whole gale to rough to work

13  September Son went down to Hammonds Nell Em and Hannah went out to Jacksons  no one their came back and then went to Church

14 September Jas and Em left for home 

17 September Hannah got thrown from her horse Cooper car passed both ways

22 September  Clearing behind the teatree Son paid up for meat at Mr Coopers 2-1-10 and got a bit of pickled pork about five pounds 

23 September JT Robinson and the music agent came up and called put us off work for the afternoon

26 September We all went to Whitemark to see a football match a very great crowd

30 September I felt too ill for work

2 October   Son cut some wood and cleared part of the line he then went out to Coopers and got some meat I finished pulling out the onions done very little work today Nell Son and Hannah went to a Kickup.

3 October  I went to the wireless done very little else still got the cold also a bad cough

6 October I went to Whitemark got a pair of shears a tin of jam a tin of coffee called at Maynards Charlie Jones came down and got my shears Hannah went to practise

9 October I felt a little better put a few poasts in along the line we have had continual blows for two months

11 October Charlie Jones came down and got me to write a letter for him Charlie Cooper brought the onions Mr Allison came home C Robinson and his wife came with him

13 October  Still blowing stone Took Mr Allison things round to Daintys 

14 October  Nell Son and Hannah went round to Mr Allisons send off too cold for me Two Seaplanes going South    

16 October The Colloboi came up today and landed cattle and piano all the cargo under Whitemark cargo so did not land it

19 October I worked at the wireless in the morning two seaplanes going North    

20 October Made a late start shearing down about thirty Hannah and her mother went out to Coopers calling at Garretts and Barrys Charlie Jones shearing

21 October Shering all day the Colloboi came in Nell Son and Hannah went round to the boat and got a coil of barbed wire Mrs Garrett left very ill

28 October Helping Jones with his garden fence Hannah and son took both horses down and got them shod Nell staid at Mrs A Vireaux very wharm Dick came up

29 October I took the cream can out Dick Holt left for home

1 November Horace came up he took Hannah for a ride round to Barrys several picnickers passed a mild day      

2  November Bert Holt came up

3 November Jack and Bert carted a load of water mustered the sheep and dipped them mad a good job of it

8 November Done nothing all went to Church I staid home

9 November Bert left for home Hannah and Son put the Bull into the block turned out two cows

21 November Done my work at the wireless cutting ferns J Maynard called Hannah and Son went to a Cricket Match

22 November Nell Hannah and Son went to Church I went a got some Winkles A boat came into the Boat Harbour

23 November I took the cream can out then Nell and I went to Badger Corner

24 November I helped John mark some sheep for Town we went to Lady Barron and called at Lizzies……

25 November Started for home called at H Bryants and Johns then Whitemark

20 December  Several came in to make preparation for the school Picnic I took the cream can out the Lorrie passes early tomorrow

21 December The three Schools had their picnic  the greatest gathering that ever been at Sawyers Bay

22 December Painting the cart and doing odd jobs about the house and plenty more to do

24 December Going all morning I took a load of wood for Mrs Ayers and went out to Coopers and got a small piece of meat

25 December Friday XMAS DAY Blowing a gale done nothing

26 December Went to the station in the morning came round by the Settlement Mr Cooper called Charlie gave me a bull ring Son went to Coopers for meat

28 December We all went to the Whitemark Sports at Pats River a good gathering and a fine day and very god sports

30 December I went round the fence at the beach repaired the fence against the gate on both sides I went and cleared along the fence close to Dainty John and Myrtle came up  and staid all night      

   

Mission to the Islands

‘Mision to the Islands’ was published in 1979 by Stephen Murray Smith. Smith collated all of Canon Marcus Blake Brownriggs publications written for the Examiner on returning to Launceston after his annual visit to the Furneaux Group 1872 – 1875. Mission to the Islands’  includes the entire publication of Brownriggs book ‘Cruise of the Freak’. Smith also presents his researched preamble expanding information about the local identities Canon Brownrigg refers in his travels. The last chapter is about Ralph Plaice’s murder, as Tommy Rue’s mentioned in the Narratives.

I read the book when it was first published, and aware James Holt and  Collis families were part of our history – what’s interesting reading again after so many years and the recent family research, is I am able to recognise a lot more in the ‘Narratives’ allowing me to thread together more than just names.

Smith’s preamble on James Holt, concludes as I do, that James was born in 1852.

The first reference to our family history is 1875 – Brownrigg was not keen on the smells of the ‘birding industry’. Those born and raised in the Straits and lucky enough to experience ‘birding’, will relate to this extract with a smile………..it is unique!! The smell of the rookeries in my opinion, is predominantly ‘earthy’ and yet in a good way, subtly pungent. The production side is certainly not for the faint hearted, as you will glean in the following extract. Would love to hear others descriptions, please feel free to comment in box below.

‘Our first anchorage was at Little Dog Island; we brought up in a sandy bay about a hundred yards from Mr Holt’s huts. Here “birding”   operations were in full swing, and, despite a breach of good manners, we were compelled on landing to hold our handkerchiefs closely to our noses, for an aroma inconceivably intolerable and indescribable assailed us, and at first made breathing a semi-suffocative proceeding. Doubt less use is second nature, and those concerned in ” birding” become indifferent to the unavoidable perfumes attending it, but, to say the least, it tries a visitor, and we ourselves were not a-little tried. However, by keeping somewhat to wind ward of the establishment we experienced a sense of relief, and were then able to converse with our friends.’

1876 ……when I read the following extract all those years ago I was not aware Jimmy Holt owned the Elizabeth, I certainly do now!! The Pearl is also part of our history, and owned by Jimmy’s younger brother Johnny. I am not sure if he owned her in 1876, (need to check marine board records) Jimmy was helping out the ‘Pearl’ possibly his 20-year-old brother in a pickle……..the Pearl did a lifetime of work in the Straits with her owner Johnny Holt, trading out of Launceston. There are many stories about the ‘Pearl’ from Dad we are lucky to have the most magnificent photo of the ‘Coogee and Pearl’ when I get to the Holt brothers page.

One of the first objects that met our view on making the harbour was the unfortunate cutter Pearl as a wreck on  the rocks. To us, the special interest attaching to this vessel was the circumstance that she had been built expressly for the Furneaux Mission, though, so far  as I know to the contrary, never actually employed on that behalf. However, there she lay remarkably poised on a rock and likely to give some trouble before she can be got off and repaired. About two hours after anchoring at Cape Portland we were surprised by a hard blow from the eastward. The grassy bottom proved insecure holding for our anchor, hence we dragged; and so to prevent a stern board on to the reef under our lee we quickly lowered the dingy and laid out another anchor to windward, which held us fast. At noon, taking advantage of a lull we got in our anchors, and sailed the cutter into the inner harbour, where we found the cutter Elizabeth;’

The second extract from this year; (there are several but in particular) references Bishop Bromley staying overnight with Collis family.

Arrangements having been kindly made by Mr and Mrs Collis for the Bishop, his Lordship remained ashore allnight, and was rejoined by us in the morning (Sunday) in time for service.’ 

1881 Click on this link and you can read the entire article – for those not familiar with TROVE – double click on the actual article to enlarge. I corrected some of the text but it was going to take forever. I usually enjoy text correcting when hanging around airports, a job I can do rather than sitting around waiting, helps pass the time (quite quickly) in the ‘unlikely’ event of delays!!! This article references the Collis family on CBI, and also William Robinson/Holt in his boat the ‘Rosebud’ along with his BIL John Smith. William and John must have decided  Brownrigg’s activity was a high risk and as gentlemen, acted accordingly. Also reference to James Holt in the ‘Elizabeth’, Cannon Brownrigg fails to mention that shortly after being dropped back at G’town …..James returned with his beloved Emily and he married them at St Johns.

1882 (part1)

The following extract refers to James Willett and William Brown, both renowned boat builders in the Straits who assisted to fix the leaking ‘Franklin’. James Willett was Emily Holts BIL, he was married to her eldest sister. The Holts and Willetts were not only related but the greatest of friends. When James died his funeral left the home of James and Fanny Willett. Dad recalls his parents were also the greatest of friends with the Willett’s, his cousins.

‘An opportunity was now open to us of placing the Franklin on the beach , to ascertain and stop the cause of the her leakage. This was soon effected, in part by Mr Brown, and in part also by Mr J Willett, who kindly gave their time and labour free to our service. The benefit of their labour we have since enjoyed, and now thankfully acknowledge.’

1882 (part 2)

The following extract refers to Alfred Collis (abt 18) and younger brother to Emily (Edith her first child was born prematurely a few months after this visit), James and Emily had William and Ellen and their four children (William, Jessie, James and Phillip) staying with them, also Ellen’s ?brother Edward. Phillip Daniel ‘Boob’ Robinson was the infant baptised. I suspect they hadn’ been living at Badger Corner that long as Emily and her family were still living on Cape Barren when they married in 1881. Edie was born on Cape Barren as well. It’s these notes allowing us a glimpse of a close family – from other diaries I have read, James and Emily always had lots of visitors to their home. Interesting that Canon Brownrigg uses J. Robinson instead of Holt as he usually did, this was probably because he was aware of the correct name Robinson when he married James and Emily in 1881.

‘The heavy weather continuing all that  day detained us at Long Beach, and  induced us to find a refuge in the school-room for the night. I would here grate-fully acknowledge the kind and assiduous  attention we received from Mr and  Mrs Collis.’

‘Wednesday morning opened to us the  desired prospect of a run down the Sound. The wind was westerly and light, and at about 10 a.m. we got under way for Little Badger Corner. Previously,  however to starting, I visited the public school, and was satisfied with the  result. The attendance also during the past year showed a decided improvement. Not with standing the advantages of improvement and tide, our passage through the Sound was not so satisfactory as it might have been, but this was owing to detention  upon a sand-bank over which the depth of water was less than we had expected. We arrived, however just before ‘dark, and in the evening I had family prayer in the cottage occupied by Mr J. Robinson. The next day, leaving the Franklin at Badger Corner, I took a passage over to Big Dog Island in the Rosebud, as the navigation among the numerous sandbanks was well known to Edward Smith and Fred Collis, who offered me the passage in that boat. After visiting Mr Taylor at Big Dog we proceeded to Little Dog Island as Smith and Collis wanted to procure a few mutton birds for home use. Though there was no resident on the island I landed and accompanied Smith and Collis to their “birding.” The rookery the birds inhabit resembles rabbit warren. The soft ground is burrowed out in all directions among the tussocks of grass and the thin, covering over these holes often gives way-as it did frequently  in my own experience and lets one down knee deep. The mode of birding is very simple, but by no means free from danger, arising from snakes, which are occasionally found in the same hole with the bird. To procure the bird the arm is first bared, and then thrust in sometimes quite up to the armpit into the hole, and the bird is laid hold of. The young birds offer no resistance, but the old, bird does not hesitate to defend itself, and makes its presence felt by sharply driving its beak into the hand or arm of the capturer, and drawing blood. When dagged from its hole a jerk of the hand speedily kills the bird by breaking its neck. As the birds are collected they are fastened upon a pointed stick called a “spit”, which is pushed through their beaks and thirty birds makes a fair load to carry.Within a short time Collis and Smith had collected sixty, birds, and with the spoils returned to the boat, and sailed over to Badger Corner. At family prayer in the evening I baptised the infant child of Mr. W. Robinson making the ninth-time of administering that rite among the islands during this visit.’

1884 – this article my very favourite, describing a characteristic of Edie. I wish Brownrigg had mentioned her name but after re reading this article so many years later with a better understanding our family history, quickly identified the child as Edie, she was born prematurely and lucky to have survived, albeit she and her family had to adjust to life around her disability. You can read Edie’s story on her page under the heading Emily and Adeline. Emily had twins Tuck and King a few months after this visit.

‘At 2.30 p.m we started against a strongebb tide for Little Badger Corner, where we anchored for the night, and spent part of the evening ashore in the cottage of Mr.James Holt. It was here I witnessed the very novel performance of an infant, about fifteen months old, rocking itself to sleep in its own cradle. In the following manner was the deed performed. The little legs left free to act, the right one was first raised and thrown from side to side,whereby an oscillatory motion was imparted to the cradle. That limb being fatigued the left leg was then raised and moved in like manner, sustaining the motion which had thus been imparted to the cradle. Both limbs being tired, the feet were placed down, and the side to side action continued by the knees. All this the child managed for itself and then dropped off to sleep. My reference to this domestic incident will, I am sure, be pardoned, for this infantile proceeding is here looked upon as one of the phenomona of the islands. I doubt not, indeed, that many mothers elsewhere would be well pleased could their infants, in similar fashion, relieve them of the sometimes monotonous duty of cradle-rocking.’

1885 – reference to James Willett in the ‘Clarence’ and W Davey in the ‘Syren’, which would later be owned by William Robinson Holt.

‘At about 3.55 a.m. (March 1st) we got under way for the Heads. The morning was very cold, due principally to the keen fresh S.S.E . wind. During the previous few hours the sea had gone down very much, and as we approached the Tasmanian shore we entered calm water. Throughout  the day the wind was light and unsteady.  When about 22 miles from the Heads we met the cutter Clarence, bound for Flinders. Her master, Mr. J. Willett, sailed close alongside of us, and threw a parcel of letters and papers aboard. Later on we passed the Syren cutter, under the care of  W. Davey, bound for Barren Island. While glad to report the sighting of these vessels,  we felt that by their means the progress we had made would be conveyed to the friends  we had left among the islands.’  

Henry and Hannah Collis, on returning to Tasmania.

At the Furneaux Museum (Emita) last week, discovered on reading the Collis/Willett history recently donated to the Museum by Faye Lowe, descendant of Henry and Hannah Collis, more information.

Faye’s information filled in a few gaps about Henry and Hannah’s migration to Canterbury NZ,  telling us the times were unsettled and being peace loving people they chose to relocate to the Colony of VDL.

After some time in VDL – they returned home to the UK, you can follow these course of events on Henry and Hannah’s page.

Faye explains why they then returned to live in the Colony of NSW from the UK…….. Henry had 2 brothers and 2 sisters living in the colony of NSW and explains the reason they ended up back in Tasmania via NSW, which always seem odd when first investigating. Apparently one brother was a butcher the other a saddler, his sisters started a school for young ladies. Maybe the Dean connection lies here!!

Apparently Henry was not able to tolerate the heat, hence the move back to Tasmania from NSW.

Hannah whilst in the UK undertook her teachers training thus explaining why she had written on her teachers application trained at Westminster…….funny how the pieces start to fall into place. I certainly understand the heat issue, I made the move back to Tassie after living in central Vic for 20 years, glad to see the back of those hot summers.

Flinders Island……… November 2013

It’s been a productive time following up more history, whilst here on Flinders, I have been here for 2 weeks and still one week left. Great discussions with Dad and other close relatives,  lucky to find a few more old family photo’s tucked away in other family collections. The Furneaux Museum had several old family photo’s I  fell in love with (Robinson & Collis) relevant permission requested to publish one or two of these photo’s,  approved and of course – to be referenced accordingly.

The Museum is operated by a dedicated group of fabulous volunteers, led by Dreen Lovegrove. A treasure trove of family and Island history and thoroughly recommended to all also looking for family histories – the family folders are sure to give up all sorts of information. Looking in other families folders can be a source of information as well. For instance I found in the Bowman family folder the diaries of Dan Bowman, notations of Tot Bowman and Louisa Holt (Robinson) 1916 travelling between each others homes. I am keen to go back to read in more detail, hopefully this weekend.

The current exhibition is about the early music in the Islands……….highly recommended to all visitors to the Island to explore this  comprehensive and talented journey regarding the Flinders and Cape Barren Islands musical history.

Thought I would share these pictures taken in the Trousers Point area this afternoon, the beaches are surely some of Tassies best kept secrets!!

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James Willett

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James Willett – son of James and Fanny Willett or ‘Aunt Fan’ Emily’s older sister.

The Willett surname was not familiar on first reading ‘Mapping our Anzacs’…. ANZAC day 2011, of course I recognised all the familiar Island names. Last week when I re checked the list…. suitably surprised when I realised the name James Willett, now a name connected to our family history.  ‘Aunt Fan’ was a beautiful discovery entwined in Great Aunt Edie’s history just a few months ago, captivating and intriguing, twists and turns….. gazing back over our history. Reading James file I could see he signed up a few months before my Grandfather and George.   I decided to visit the library ‘again’ to cast my eye over the Weekly Courier, indexed by Wendy Knowles, as I suspected Fanny probably placed James picture in the paper. I had a quiet bet with myself…… because George’s picture was in the paper – highly probable James would be as well, based on how close Emily and Fanny were. Initially looking over the index, couldn’t see his name, when about to give up saw “Willitt’ as per the AWM indexes.

Once home –  exciting to find James in the Weekly Courier. go to 1916 – April 20 – insert 4. Here was ‘Aunt Fan’s  handsome son, occupation,  stone mason. I wonder if he had anything to do with his parents beautiful headstone, also Uncle, James Robinson, as they are quite similar.

Dad wasn’t really up with James going to war, he knew about Harold J Holt but not James – actually he did say ‘Jimmy Willett’, would love to hear more from his family. His mother Fan plays a very special part in the Robinson family history. Dad did say that his parents were best friends with the Willett’s and they used to visit them when over here in Launceston – they were his cousins and remembers the house was on a hill, maybe the top end of Brisbane St near the Gorge.

Canon Marcus Blake Brownrigg

1994_P_1020Canon Marcus Blake Brownrigg married Emily and James Robinson at St Johns Church 5/2/1881 about two weeks after his annual visit to the Islands of Bass Strait. I was talking with Dad about this last week as it explains the affinity his parents had with St Johns – he also wrote the book ‘Cruise of the Freak’, Dad said he had read the book in the library, a photocopy.  A quick look to see if it was possible to buy an original, found one on Ebay for a cool $600+ with a 35% discount, ouch! Then I realised its value.

A further search found this link to a digitised copy, could not believe my eyes. Dad also talks about ‘Cruise of the Beacon‘ so checked around- another lovely surprise, good to be able to access on line – originals would be a Tatts wish.

27 October 2013 – In loving memory of George Collis Robinson

scan0067At 5.30am this day 96 years ago – George Collis Robinson passes away in the 2nd Canadian Clearing Station, Belgium he is 21 years of age, a lad from Badger Corner, Flinders Island, Tasmania.

George is buried in the Lijssenthoek Military Cemetery near where he died a few kilometres from Poperinge. George is my Great Uncle, the youngest brother of my Grandfather Horace.

Emily, James and family devastated and the impact on their health is obvious in Em’s letters to the AIF and again 1922 after the death of beloved Edie.

Emily and James notice of thanks in the Examiner December 1917………Holt not Robinson as no one would have known who George Robinson was, as only used for official documents.

1918 – Memorial notices first anniversary of George’s death…..again Holt.

Mary Holt (Nee Ackerman) – wife of George’s uncle Johnny memorial notice.

We are planning a family memorial service at Georges grave on the 100th anniversary of his death, and invite all members of the Robinson, Holt clan to join us. The idea started ANZAC day 2011 after reading the circumstances in which George was injured and the full extent of his injuries and his bravery – we decided we would plan this trip to remember George on behalf of Grandfather Horace, his parents and siblings. This will be our way of keeping his memory alive.

The Australian War Graves Commission has granted permission for this to happen on 27 October. Four years seems a long way off – however gives plenty of time to save up. To contact me you can leave a comment which will be private in the first instance and not published if requested.IMG_5426 IMG_5425

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July 1916: Answering the call.

Horace 1894 and George 1896  Emily and James’ youngest children, possibly born on Long Island under the care of Mrs Burgess as elder sister Dolly was born there.

August 1914 the start of WWI, a few months earlier Horace was George were celebrating St Barnabas Day.

20 May 1915 – Jimmy Holt’s nephew Harold John Holt 22, son of William, joins the AIF, a Gunner 14th Field Artillery Brigade and honourably discharged 10/11/1919, reading Harold’s file tells us he spent time in Gallipoli, Lemnos, Dardanelles………..amazing!!! Harold John Holt

5 January 1916 – Emily Holt’s nephew James Willett 22 son of James and Fanny joins the AIF – having only recently discovered the Willett’s and the connection to the Collis and Robinson family when linking to mapping our ANZAC did James Willett click. I recall reading the list in 2011, recognising other old Island names, Willett didn’t mean anything at the time, it sure does now. April 20 Insert 4

21 July 1916 –  Horace 22 and George almost 20 sign up to join the Australian Imperial Force  in the footsteps of other lads from Flinders and Cape Barren Island.

With them is close family friend Daniel Thomas Bowman – Dan’s sister Tot, and George were sweethearts. scan0069

Emily and James handsome sons!! IMG_5578 These photo’s taken in Launceston by Burrows and Co. This photo of George is from the family collection but you can also see it in the in the Weekly Courier 1917  link 25 April 2011 the day I was introduced to the Mapping our ANZAC website (courtesy of my son in-law Chris his ANZAC day address at the end) and so inspired this history journey. Firstly I noticed – Horace and George’s physical characteristics on enlistment were same, I read to Dad, George was the same height as his father 5 feet 10 inches, Horace was 10 pounds heavier, his chest measurement slightly larger, both had fair complexion, blue eyes and sandy hair,  Dad said  ‘Dad and my Uncles always said George was the tallest in the family, he was 6 ft tall’,  for a brief minute I wished I hadn’t mentioned. I didn’t want to be responsible challenging family history about this……… then if I hadn’t we wouldn’t have known this particular story. I finally concluded after a little reflection, this was exactly the sort of history we needed to know, guiding us to understand how the Robinson family revered George, the baby of the family, their hero. Hopefully Dad still believes his Father and Uncles were correct, somehow the medico misread the measurements, and that suits me too!! 14 August 1916 – Horace was discharged on the grounds of being medically unfit. He would have returned home to his family after an emotional farewell with his baby brother, and so begins our George’s journey!

Bishop Montgomery June 1894 – Visit to the Furneaux Group.

Extracts from Bishop Montgomery – who also visited in 1893. On this 6 day visit (1894) Bishop Montgomery stayed with Dad’s maternal and paternal, grandparents and two sets of great grandparents that is  – Harry and Adeline (1&5), James and Emily (3&5), Henry and Hannah Collis  including the ‘Willetts’ Ed and Maria (1&3),(2), also his Great Uncle William and his wife (James brother)and Ellen (4) on Cape Barren.

‘Extracts’ from – CHURCH NEWS for the Diocese of Tasmania August 1894

VISITATION OF THE FURNEAUX ISLANDS JUNE,1894 –  Bishop Montgomery

1) ‘It was announced to the expectant public that the daughter of the school-house was to be married at 9.30 to Mr. Henry Briant, owner of the “Furneaux” cutter, and now a would be farmer on Flinders. It was also announced (with a fatal coincidence) that the bride and bridegroom were to set sail for their new home directly after the ceremony. It is needless to say that the church was crowded to witness the first marriage in the Church of Epiphany and to see the Bible given away which had been promised on the occasion’

The couple were made man and wife amid the solemn silence of the devout congregation. But once they were outside the church the scene became exciting. From the church door I beheld white clouds discharge themselves upon the devoted pair, and learnt it was rice.’

‘In about half-an-hour the bridegroom went to his ship to get under weigh. He soon returned, and his looks told us something was wrong. If the truth must be told, a band of youths was absent from the church, a band who had vowed that the happy pair should not depart until they had joined in an evening dance at the township. The cutter had lost her jib and staysail. The bridegrooms other boat had no rudder, and no peak halyards nor could searching discover them anywhere. Even if they had found the missing articles, I am told that it had been determined to drag the ship back to her anchorage, and good sailors were there by the dozen to make escape impossible. The two who were most concerned took the whole thing thoroughly well, and were greeted with a cheer when they confessed themselves beaten. The dance was held, and at 1030p.m., under a brilliant moon, the newly –married pair sailed away to Badger Corner.’

2) ‘Mr. Collis’ hospitable house was reached by 5p.m. another service of baptism followed, two children being brought forward.  Then, after a merry meal, we started for a moonlight walk to the old settlement of the aborigines, where Mr. Willett now resides. Family prayers were conducted in due time, and once more enlivened with the merry stories of our old schoolmaster friend we returned to his house, and I obtained a real bed to sleep in, a luxury we do not expect often in the Straits.’

3) ‘We had to fly before the wind to Badger Corner through the long channel south of the Flinders Peaks. Oilskins were now in requisition, and ere we reached our anchorage we were becalmed. The darkness was settling down upon us as we landed at Mr. James Holt’s, but I thought it best to push on at once to Mr. Stephens’ new farm, some two miles back in the bush. Through open flats and fantastic grass trees we splashed our way until the aspect of the country changed, and trees of good growth were reached. Here, near the confluence of two creeks, is Una Vale, the property of Mr. Stephens. Nor do I think I have ever heard of a more wonderful record of energy than that which was unfolded to me by Mr. Holt of the way in which, during a few week’s holiday, Mr. Stephens put up a four roomed house two miles from the sea, all the material being carried up, or wheeled up in a barrow, along a rough bush track. Even the iron for the roof was carried up on the heads of the girls of the family.’

4) ‘I have not yet alluded to the fishing company which came from Melbourne to Flinders with a steamer to take their fish to market. Its fate was not fortunate. The fish were plentiful enough, but the venture failed; and though I saw the spot where they camped the region is given up once more to the wallaby: it is to many miles from Badger Corner, but in the channel between the two great islands. One night at the township Mr. W. Holt threw his net a couple of times into the boat harbor, and we watched with interest the landing of between 30 and 40 dozen garfish-a feast of course for the whole community. And now that the works are done, there came over me the usual feeling of anxiety. When could I hope to get away?’

5) ‘At length we bethought ourselves of the bridegroom at his farm far away, and of his large cutter. Perhaps he would take us back to the mainland. So we departed once more for Badger Corner. That night Mr. James Holt fed us wallaby and gave us the best accommodation he possessed. I slept that night on six chairs, and slumber was sweet. The next day we tried our utmost to reach the school-house. The bridegroom left his bride and sailed the “Furneaux” to the best of his ability, and Charles Stephens ably seconded him, but we took 19 hours getting over 15 miles of sea. Anchored that night, and waiting for the tide to turn, I saw a sight, which made us explode with laughter. It was about 3 a.m., and bitterly cold. We had laid down in our clothes, prepared to sail at the first opportunity, and when I put my head up on deck I beheld Mr. Briant cowering over a fire-pot, and looking the picture of misery. So miserable was his appearance that there was nothing left to do but to woken the echoes on the dim shores hard by with laughter as I pointed to the “happy bridegroom.” Nothing could really have been more brutal, since it was I who had torn him from his home. But at length our day came, and on Friday, June 29. After six days of waiting (I hope of patience too), the “Furneaux” started for Cape Portland. In 4 ½ hours we were in the boat harbor of the Cape, and in a short time we too (my boy and I) presented ourselves to Mrs. Bowne’s as occupants for a lodging.’